Learning new programming languages, especially the top ones, is an important part of the career of any professional developer. In this blog post, we will look at the best up-and-coming languages, which are gaining traction in a surprisingly rapid manner. Without much ado, let’s explore these five newest languages that you should learn today for a prosperous career in programming.
Let’s start with Crystal, which is among the newest and most promising programming languages we are looking at today. It has been described by the industry experts as a new programming language, which is as pleasant as Ruby but fast as C. Crystal is an object-oriented language with a syntax that has a lot of similarities with Ruby. Actually, Ruby has influenced the syntax of Crystal a lot. However, the difference between these two languages is that the first one is a statically typed programming language.
Despite the fact that Crystal is statically typed, the language uses a very advanced universal inference type system in order to avoid the boilerplate, which usually accompanies static languages. One of the things that make the developers so excited by Crystal is that it is fun to write. What’s more, the IT specialists are also excited by this language because it is just as fast as the more burdensome C and C++.
Kotlin is among the top new programming languages you should consider learning. It is statically typed and object-oriented. The language runs on the JVM. It provides an outstanding integration with the present Java code. Of course, Kotlin is basically an OO language. However, it comes with some great higher-order functions and lambdas. This programming language was explicitly developed to provide a less verbose to Java, which does not require to forgo the advantages of the Java ecosystem. Many large corporations such as Uber and Evernote are already using it in production.
Scala is among the most promising programming languages that are up-and-coming. It is a multi-paradigm language that also runs on the famous JVM such as Kotlin. Unlike it, Scala is an absolutely different programming language. The difference is most evident in its acceptance of various features from functional programming. Thus, for anonymous functions, there is a lightweight syntax. Just like Scala and Elixir supports pattern matching. It is statically typed with an expensive and powerful type system. This is the best programming language you should learn if you want to stay within the famous Java ecosystem and, at the same time, adopt a better functional approach.
Elixir is a functional programming language, which runs on the Erlang BEAM virtual machine. Rubyist created this language with the aim of having one that is not only friendly but also useful. It is a dynamically typed programming language with macros, pattern matching, first-class functions, and immutable data. Elixir is an exciting language because it benefits not only from the performance but also from the concurrency story of BEAM, Erlang, and OTP (a system that was originally developed to run the highly concurrent critical telecommunication arrangement). Some of the enterprises that are using this language include Lonely Planet, Moz, and Pinterest.
Rust is also a statically typed system language that is aimed at filling the same niche as C++ and C. It is just as fast as C, but much safer. It protects the developers from the headaches that are usually caused by buffer overflows, dangling pointers, and other memory errors.
Besides the programming languages listed above, there are so many others that we could mention here. But the ones we have chosen represent the best combination of object- and functional-oriented along with dynamic and static typing. All the new programming languages highlighted here have an active community that is evidently growing, and it will be very interesting to wait and see which one of them will rise and enter the list of the top programming languages in the next few years.