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The Linux multi-level certification program hosts the most popular LPIC-1 certificate. Its purpose is to prepare you for the work required for real-world scenarios. It embraces maintenance tasks on the Linux command line, installing and configuring computers running on Linux, as well as configuring basic networking. There are two exams to help you measure these abilities. They are 101-500 and 102-500.
LPIC-1 is the first certification in the LPI program for those looking to gain a basic level of knowledge in system administration. There are no preliminary expectations from this certificate, but the candidates should gain the necessary knowledge and skills. Although training is optional, it is highly recommended.
What should you know about the prerequisite exams for the LPI LPIC-1 certification?
Each exam for the LPIC-1 certification lasts 1.5 hours and includes 60 questions developed in two formats: fill-in-the-blank and multiple choice. If you take them at the Pearson VUE testing centres, the languages available for these exams are English, Traditional and Simplified Chinese, German, Brazilian Portuguese, Japanese, and Modern Spanish. If you want to sit for them online through OnVUE, you will only have access to the tests in English and Japanese. Please also note that you should pay $200 as a registration fee for each exam.
Since this LPI certification is associated with two exams, it is important to consider their topics separately and pay attention to the details.
1. LPI 101-500 Exam Topics
The following objectives are attached to the 101-500 exam:
- System Architecture
It starts with determining and configuring hardware settings. This area covers integrated peripherals, devices for mass storage, hardware resources for gadgets, tools and utilities, sysfs, dbus, and udev. Also, it includes the details of booting the system and covers common commands, bootloader, BIOS, UEFI, kernel options, boot sequence, Upstart, and boot events. This is followed by changing runlevels or boot targets and shutting down or rebooting the system.
- Installation of Linux and Management of Package
This subject area includes designing layout for hard disk where it covers disks, partitions, allocating filesystems, LVM, and its basic features. Installing a boot manager is also an important domain to learn and it focuses on the options for backup boot, boot loader configuration, and GRUB legacy. Another part concerns managing shared libraries with the knowledge areas covering shared libraries and typical locations for system libraries. The next subtopic includes the usage of Debian package management, YUM, and RPM package management. The objective concludes with the role of Linux being a virtualization guest where you study virtual machine, Linux container, application container, SSH host keys, Guest drivers, etc.
- GNU and Unix Commands
The first domain to cover is all about working on the command line with the main focus on shell commands, online commands, editing command history, and invoking commands that are outside and inside a specific path. The other part of this section concerns using filters in processing text streams and covers the process of sending files as well as output streams through utility filters for text. The third scenario concerns performing basic management of files and includes copying, moving, and removing them as well as directories, copying multiple files, etc. The fourth segment is about using pipes, streams and redirects. This touches standard input, standard error, standard output, piping the output, and sending output. The fifth area is about creating, monitoring and killing processes, for example, running jobs in the background and foreground, signalling a program to keep running even after logout, monitoring active processes, selecting and sorting processes, as well as sending a signal to processes. Other subtopics cover the processes of modifying priorities for process execution, basic editing of files, and utilizing regular expressions in searching text files.
- Devices, Linux Filesystems, Filesystem Hierarchy Standard
This topic covers creating partitions in addition to filesystems and encompasses MBR, GPT partition tables, XFS, VFAT, ext2/ext3/ext4, and exFAT. Another area is maintaining filesystems integrity through verification, monitoring, and repairing of filesystems. Other fields include controlling filestystem mounting as well as unmounting, managing file ownerships and permissions, creating and changing hard as well as symbolic links, and finding systems files and then placing them in the right location.
2. LPI 102-500 Exam Topics
The main domains covered in the 102-500 exam are as follows:
- Desktops and User Interfaces
This objective evaluates your skills in installing and configuring X11 where the knowledge areas include X11 architecture, X Window configuration, overwriting some Xorg configuration aspects, elements of desktop environments, managing access to the X server, and Wayland. The module on graphical desktops that touches main desktop environments and protocols for accessing sessions for remote desktops is another area that you need to explore. Also, you should learn about the accessibility where the knowledge fields are visual themes and settings as well as assistive technology.
- Shells and Shell Scripting
Firstly, the topic reviews the processes of customizing and using a shell environment. It includes the coverage of setting environmental variables such as PATH, writing Bash functions, maintaining skeleton directories, and setting search path for commands. Secondly, it looks at customizing or writing simple scripts using standard sh syntax and command substitution, executing chained commands, test running values, performing conditional mailing, etc.
- Administrative Tasks
This section covers the process of managing user as well as group accounts, which relate to filesystems, automating administration tasks for the systems through scheduling of jobs, localisation, and internationalisation.
- Essential Services for Systems
This is all about system time maintenance, system logging, basics for MTA (Mail Transfer Agent), and managing printers in addition to printing.
- Networking Fundamentals
This part of the exam content includes the Internet protocol fundamentals covering network masks, CIDR notation, public and private IP addresses, common UDP and TCP ports, IPv4, and IPv6. It is also about configuring persistent network with the knowledge fields, such as basic TCP/IP configuration, Wi-Fi and Ethernet network configuration, and systemd-networkd.
The exploration of this subject area begins with performing administration tasks for security, which include auditing files systems, setting up or changing passwords, setting up login limits for users, etc. The next subtopic is about the process of setting host security, which covers shadow passwords, turning off network devices when not in use, and TCP wrappers. The final part covers securing data with encryption. This includes basic configurations for OpenSSH 2 client and GnuPG and usage of GPG in encrypting, decrypting, signing, and verifying files.
What can you expect after obtaining the LPI LPIC-1 certification?
Levelling up your skills through the Linux certification program helps you expand your career options. With the LPIC-1 certificate, you can apply for a new job in an organization or forward your updated resume to your supervisor or manager for future considerations. The positions that you can land include a Systems Administrator and a Linux Systems Administrator. The PayScale platform suggests that a Systems Administrator with LPIC-1 can earn about $75,000 per year.
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