About Microsoft 98-366 Exam
The Microsoft 98-366: Networking Fundamentals exam is one of the tests that the students can choose and pass in order to obtain the Microsoft Technology Associate (MTA) certificate. This exam can help them move further and opt for the certifications of the higher levels.
Target audience and requirements
Microsoft 98-366 is a certification exam designed for those individuals who are familiar with general networking technologies and concepts but have little or no work experience and want to enter the field and pursue a career as an IT developer or a network professional. To take this Microsoft test with flying colors, the applicants need to show that they possess an understanding of software development fundamentals, security fundamentals, and networking fundamentals. They also have to demonstrate their mastery of system administrator fundamentals, database fundamentals, and Windows development fundamentals.
What's more, the potential candidates for this exam need to understand the basics of web development and wireless networking, and be confident they have a thorough knowledge of IP addressing, local area and wide area networks, switches, and routers. Additionally, they should also be well conversant with the OSI model. They need to demonstrate their knowledge of software development and security fundamentals.
Exam details and other important features
Despite the fact that Microsoft has been offering the IT exams for years, the vendor never reveals much about the details of its tests. However, you can find information that the total number of questions in the 98-366 exam is between 40 and 60. Please note that this number may change at any time. These questions are of different formats, including multiple choice, built list, short answer, drag and drop, case study, fill-in-the-blank, and so on. The time limit is 60 minutes and the passing score is 700 points and above.
The Microsoft 98-366 exam is usually taken in English. But of course, it is also conducted in many other languages, including German, Portuguese (Brazil), French, Traditional Chinese, Spanish, Simplified Chinese, Italian, Russian, Japanese, French, Spanish (Mexico), and Korean. The test costs $127. This price is applicable to the applicants within the United States. The fee may vary from one country to another depending on the amount of taxes the government imposes on the certification exams. If you are not located in the USA, you should find out how much the test costs on the Microsoft website.
Exam topics and subtopics
The Microsoft 98-366: Networking Fundamentals exam assesses the candidates’ knowledge of a variety of topics. The skills measured in this test are combined in a number of objectives. They are highlighted below:
- Understanding Network Infrastructures (30-35%)
This topic area evaluates your understanding of the concepts of intranet, extranet, and the Internet. This includes firewalls, Virtual Private Network (VPN), and security zones with the focus on Azure network security. The applicants should also have an understanding of local area networks (LANs), in which they have to demonstrate their knowledge of perimeter networks, VLANs, wireless LAN, wired LAN, addressing, and reserved address ranges for the local use. In addition, the learners need to show that they understand wide area networks (WANs), such as cable modem, leased lines, ISDN, dial-up, VPN, DSL, E1, E3, T1, T3, and their characteristics (availability and speed).
Also, the skills measured under this objective include the usage of wireless networking. You are required to demonstrate your knowledge of types of wireless networking standards along with their characteristics (ac, n, g, b, 11a, 802 including different GHz ranges), point-to-point (P2P) wireless, wireless bridging, ad hoc networks, and types of network security (WEP, WPA, 802.1x, and others).
- Understanding Protocols and Services (45-50%)
In this domain, the students have to demonstrate their understanding of the OSI (open systems interconnection) model, TCP and UDP (User Datagram Protocol), Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) model, packets and frames, well-known parts for commonly used purposes, and examples of application, devices, protocols, and which TCP/OSI layer they belong to. This area also involves their knowledge of IPv4, whereby they are required to demonstrate their understanding of IPconfig, subnetting, addressing, the use of IPv4 (Internet Protocol version 4), ipv4toipv6 tunneling protocols for ensuring backward compatibility, gateway, dual IP stack, packets, ports, reserved address ranges for the local use, including local loopback IP. This subject also involves one’s grasp of IPv6, name resolutions, networking services, and TCP/IP.
- Understanding Network Hardware (20-25%)
This section includes the examinees’ understanding of switches, routers, and media types. This area encompasses their knowledge of transmission speed, VLAN capabilities, speed of uplinks, number of uplinks, types and number of ports, unmanaged or managed switches, support, hardware redundancy, virtual switches, switching MAC cables and switches, Layer 3 and Layer 2 switches and security options, backplane speed, directly connected routes, routing table memory, Quality of Service (QoS), installing and configuring routing, and cable types and their characteristics.
Career prospects for certified specialists
After passing the Microsoft 98-366 exam with high results, you become entitled to the MTA certification. This is a very important option that you will find extremely beneficial when it comes to employment opportunities. There are several job roles one can apply for after obtaining this certificate. Among the available positions are the following:
- Network Engineer;
- Network Administrator;
- Network Architect;
- Help Desk Technician.
With a Microsoft certification like MTA, you will not only count on great job opportunities but also on a good salary. PayScale estimates the average annual salary for the IT professionals with this certificate starts at $49,000. This is the least amount of earning you can get after becoming a certified specialist.